Periodontics is a sub-specialty of dentistry that focuses on the health of the gums, jaw, and other supporting structures as well as the treatment of gum disease – a condition that continues to be the leading cause of tooth loss for Americans. Even those who brush and floss regularly can develop gum disease if they do not get regular professional cleanings and check-ups. Gum disease often develops over a long period of time and does not show its symptoms until a good amount of damage has already been done. To ensure that your teeth last a lifetime, you should be sure to practice good at-home oral hygiene and visit a dentist on a regular basis.
Bacteria are the primary cause of nearly all gum disease. These bacteria live in the plaque that forms on your teeth, producing toxins that irritate and eventually lead to deterioration of the gum tissue. If left unchecked, this deterioration will continue until it moves into the bone tissue. When plaque is allowed to build up and harden, it then becomes known as tartar or calculus. Tartar makes it more difficult to remove new bacteria-infested plaque, therefore leading to more toxin production and further gum irritation.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Along with a basic visual inspection, we will use x-rays and laser diagnostic tools to evaluate your gums, jaw, and roots. New laser technology has vastly improved the early detection of periodontal problems. Once your dentist has determined the extent of your gum disease, he or she will recommend any of the following treatments:
• Thorough scaling and root planing - Tartar will be removed from the surfaces of your teeth down into the root surfaces, as well as any deep periodontal pockets.
• Mouth rinses – Any remaining bacteria will be eliminated with antimicrobial rinses.
• Pocket reduction - Gum tissue is folded back and tartar that cannot otherwise be reached is removed.
• Crown lengthening – In some cases it is appropriate to remove excess gum tissue in order to get at the healthy tooth underneath and remove tartar deposits.
• Tissue regeneration – Various treatments can be applied to regenerate damaged gum or bone tissue
• Gum grafts – Excessively receded gums can be repaired through gum grafting.
Swollen gums, receding gum lines, and bleeding gums are a few early warning signs of gum disease. If you live in Southern Oregon and are in need of a periodontal check up, please contact us today to arrange an appointment.
Smile Gift 2013
- Eagle Point
- Advanced Dental Center
- 217 W. Main St. PO 236
- Eagle Point, OR 97524
- Phone: (541) 826-2525
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